Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Senior Lecturer in Journalism at Sheffield University at time of giving evidence with experience as a staff and freelance journalist working on all types of media ranging from local weekly publications to national newspapers and magazines. Harcup told the Inquiry that he had been conducting research into journalistic ethics over the previous decade and gave evidence on how a "conscience clause" (as proposed by the National Union of Journalists) might work. Harcup's publications at that time included "The Ethical Journalist" (2007) and a research paper, "Journalists and ethics: the quest for a collective voice" (2002).