Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
At the time of the Inquiry, Executive Board Member of Ofcom. Together with Steve Unger, he submitted an Ofcom study on the importance of media plurality. Recommended that Government consider how to strike the right balance between promoting plurality and encouraging economically sustainable news-media organisations.