Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Launched 2009. Registered charity aimed at inspiring and encouraging the personal development of young people through journalism, writing, literacy and improved communication skills. The CJET aims to create better public connection with the media, journalism and current affairs.
City University currently has 18,000+ students from more than 160 countries. Five schools located in the City: Cass Business School, School of Arts & Social Sciences, School of Health Sciences, School of Mathematics, Computer Science & Engineering and The City Law School. Dr Chris Greer and Professor Eugene McLaughlin submitted views on “Trial by Media” and on phone-hacking to the Inquiry.
Professor of Pharmacology at University College London. Colquhoun was elected to the Royal Society in 1985 and spent most of his career researching pharmacology and the biophysics of single ion channels. His intention in giving evidence was to point to the value of blogging as an antidote to poor science journalism.
Research Professor in Media and Politics at the University of Bedfordshire, Professor of Political Journalism at City, University of London and Emeritus Professor of Broadcast Journalism at Goldsmiths, University of London at time of giving evidence. Sought to address the question of the nature of media influence on public policy in areas such as criminal justice and immigration.
Professor of Media and Communications law and regulation at Manchester University at time of Inquiry. Founding editor of the Journal of Media Law and member of the editorial board of Communications Law. Offered evidence on ethical discussion within journalism. Advocated giving attention to editorial selection and choice, topics which, he thought, were not adequately covered in the current Editors' Code in relation to inaccuracies.
Was founded in 1944 to promote parliamentary democracy. Its work encompasses a wide range of areas, from citizenship education to the role of Parliament, and the impact of new media on politics. In addition, the Society programmes events in Westminster with high-profile speakers plus seminars and fringe events at party conferences.
Senior Lecturer in Journalism at Sheffield University at time of giving evidence with experience as a staff and freelance journalist working on all types of media ranging from local weekly publications to national newspapers and magazines. Harcup told the Inquiry that he had been conducting research into journalistic ethics over the previous decade and gave evidence on how a "conscience clause" (as proposed by the National Union of Journalists) might work. Harcup's publications at that time included "The Ethical Journalist" (2007) and a research paper, "Journalists and ethics: the quest for a collective voice" (2002).
Professor of Philosophy in the Department of Linguistics and Philosophy at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) at the time of the Inquiry and visiting Cambridge University as a Senior Research Associate. Has published widely on Kant's philosophy and on moral, political and feminist philosophy. Well-known for her work on pornography and objectification. Offered her views on "Speech acts" and a free press.
Head of the Law School at Robert Gordon University, Aberdeen. Has taught a wide range of subjects including Jurisprudence, Legal Ethics, Tort Law, Social Security Law, Employment Law, Privacy Law and Legal Systems. Submitted evidence to the Inquiry on the press treatment of Gaelic language issues – which ranged, he said from "good news" through "fair comment" to "outright abuse".
Professor of Media Studies and Director of the Centre for Media Research at Ulster University at the time of the Inquiry. Offered evidence on the benefit of introducing "ethics" into NCTJ courses. Told the Inquiry she thought more could be done to incorporate ethical training. Also noted that the increasing use of unpaid internships as a way of "learning" journalism is not helping to encourage ethical training.
Founded in 1951. Set up to run the newspaper industry's training scheme, the NCTJ has developed into a registered charity serving all sectors of journalism. Aims to provide training that meets the demands of a fast-changing multimedia industry. Told the Inquiry that it was reviewing its approach to ethics training, with a view to introducing an assessed ethics module.
Business editor of the BBC at time of giving evidence. Told the Inquiry that he set himself high standards of ethical journalism. He would always multi-source a story and he had never disclosed the identity of a source, he said. The primary responsibility for ensuring decent journalistic practice lay with the managements of media organisations, he thought. Peston also founded the education charity Speakers for Schools in 2011. He left the BBC in 2015 to become Political Editor of ITV News and host of the weekly political discussion show Peston on Sunday.
Phillipson was Professor of Law at the University of Durham and a qualified solicitor at the time of giving evidence. His research interests were in public law, particularly areas of European and UK human rights law, he said. He offered evidence of the notion of "public interest" and noted that without adequate protection for privacy, there was the risk of a situation in which rights and freedoms of individuals were sacrificed to the commercial interests of the mass media and the idle curiosity of the majority.
At the time of the Inquiry, head of the Daily Mail trainee scheme, which was designed, she said, to provide reporters, sub-editors and photographers with training and experience above and beyond what they would have learnt on a post-graduate journalism course. Told the Inquiry that all the trainees were from high-ranking universities, with the majority coming from City, University of London.
Professor of Sociology at the University of Cambridge and Fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge at time of giving evidence. Has written on aspects of the relation between politics and the media, including The Media and Modernity (1995) and Political Scandal (2000). Answered questions on the nature of a free press, which he said would be pluralistic, represent a diversity of views, inform citizens fairly and accurately on matters of public concern and hold power to account.
Chichele Professor of Social and Political Theory at All Souls College, Oxford, Professor at New York University Law School and Solicitor of the Supreme Court of New Zealand at the time of the Inquiry. Submitted evidence on broad issues of political morality and the public interest in relation to a free press.