Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Director and co-owner of Ferrari Press Agency Limited, a freelance news agency based in Kent at time of Inquiry. Ferrari specialised in providing images, news and real-life features to national newspapers. Described the procedures and safeguards in place at the time.
Born 1957. Journalist and author and former press secretary to Tony Blair as Leader of the Opposition (1994-97) and as Prime minister (1997-2000). From 2000-2003, he was director of communications for the Labour Party (2000-03). Before 1994, he had been political editor of Today newspaper and the Daily Mirror. Campbell gave detailed testimony on the political media and what he saw as the decline of genuine investigative journalism and the increasing tendency of owners, editors and senior journalists to wish to be political players. Embellishment and pure invention were tolerated and encouraged by some editors and owners, he said.
Conservative MP for Surrey Heath and Education Secretary at the time of the Inquiry. A former journalist at the Aberdeen Press and Journal, the Times, the BBC and the Spectator. Told the Inquiry that sometimes "individuals reach for regulation in order to deal with failures of character or morality, and sometimes that regulation is right and appropriate but some of us believe that before the case for regulation is made, the case for liberty needs to be asserted as well".
Independent project, a collaboration between Index on Censorship and English PEN, launched to help journalists and writers defend themselves in costly libel cases. The Project offered suggestions on how its organisation might work within a new regulatory framework.
The BPPA was founded in 1984 to promote and inspire high ethical, technical and creative standards. In written evidence, it said that its members included a large percentage of the country's frontline news photographers. It had successfully established guidelines by which all UK police forces now worked with photographers. The BPPA unsuccessfully sought Core Participant status at the Inquiry arguing that its members would be subject to significant criticism throughout the hearing. It pointed out typical dilemmas for its members arising from the hearing itself. Photographers had discussed whether it was right to photograph witnesses arriving and departing, as for a straightforward news story, for instance. The continuous use of pejorative terms such as "paparazzi", when referring to the very wide spectrum of news photographers, harmed their collective reputation, it said.
Voluntary group set up in 1993 for "victims of media abuse", supported by concerned journalists, media lawyers and Clive Soley MP. Soley had sought to establish an independent body to defend press freedom and adjudicate on complaints against the press with his proposed bill, Freedom and Responsibility of the Press.
Founded in 2002. National private-sector ombudsman scheme, which works to resolve complaints between consumers and companies that are signed up to their scheme. Free and impartial means of resolving disputes outside of the courts. Submitted evidence to the Inquiry about how such a scheme could work for the press.
Founder of Polaris Media, an independent communications consultancy, and a former BBC, News of the World and Sunday Times journalist. Gave a scathing assessment of the contemptuous attitude of most of the press and lamented the inadequacy of the PCC in moderating it.
Race-equality think-tank founded in 1968 by Jim Rose and Anthony Lester, with aim of acting as an independent body generating intelligence for a multi-ethnic Britain through research, network building and policy engagement. Gave evidence concerning two Runnymede reports in particular, one on the effectiveness of PCC guidelines in informing the reporting of asylum issues and another on Media Images and Community Impact.
Independent membership organisation for editors at all levels, within national, regional and local publications across all medias, working to protect the freedom of the press. The Society made several submissions throughout the Inquiry and many of its members gave individual evidence. Of particular concern to the Society and the editors it represented was the "Section 40" proposal that would force newspapers to pay the costs of legal action against them, regardless of the merit, if that publisher hadn't signed up to an "approved regulator". At the formal closing of the Inquiry, Culture Secretary Matt Hancock told the house that Section 40 would not go ahead.
Independent body established in 2007 to provide objective analysis of drug policy and practice. Submitted evidence on research into the impact of press coverage on the illicit use of drugs and also on the risks of stigmatising drug use. Launched its final report in 2012.
Executive Editor of Politics at The Huffington Post UK. A former Deputy Political Editor of both the Independent and the London Evening Standard, Waugh has worked in the House of Commons for 18 years and gave evidence to the Inquiry as Chairman of the Parliamentary Lobby Journalists.
National charity working with women with mental health needs in prison, hospital and the community. It provides independent advocacy, emotional support and practical guidance at all stages of a woman's journey through the Mental Health and Criminal Justice Systems. Gave evidence on the role of the press in shaping public images of women.
Independent organisation set up to provide training, support and professional development of specialist communications professionals working within the police service. The APComm, as it is known, aims to share and promote good practice and create networking opportunities for those working in police communication.
Formed in 2010, fact-checking charity.
Independent body representing the interests of professional and private investigators in the UK and worldwide. David Palmer, principal at the time of the Inquiry, reported that its preference would be licensing of the profession by regulatory authority. "Self-regulation without statutory backing would be ineffective," he said.
Independent regulator for the print and digital media in Ireland, aiming to provide the public with a quick, fair and free method of resolving complaints in relation to member publications of the Press Council of Ireland. John Horgan, Ombudsman at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence.
Set up by the Press Council to raise a levy on the newspaper and periodical industries to finance the Council, which had previously been funded directly by newspaper proprietors. Known as "PressBoF", it later funded the Press Complaints Commission. This arrangement was intended to ensure secure and independent financial support for effective self-regulation. The Board ceased to operate following the abolition of the Press Complaints Commission in 2014, and it was dissolved in August 2016.