Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Correspondent for BBC2's daily news and current affairs programme Newsnight at time of giving evidence. Wallace specialised in investigations and contributed to other BBC outlets, he said. Gave the Inquiry details of BBC editorial guidelines for ensuring lawful, professional and ethical conduct of BBC journalists. The guidelines also incorporated the Ofcom Code, he said, since Ofcom regulated the BBC. In practice, his stories would be discussed with an editor and where appropriate a Programme Legal Adviser, he said.
Founded 1903. British daily tabloid which has supported the Labour Party since the 1945 general election. Now part of Reach Plc which took over the holdings of Trinity Mirror following the phone-hacking scandal when damages of £1.25m were awarded to eight people whose phones were hacked by Daily Mirror and Sunday Mirror journalists. Editors of both papers were dismissed and Lloyd Embley was appointed editor of both titles in wake of the scandal.
Founded 1978. British daily tabloid newspaper published Monday to Saturday with a circulation of more than 400,000 readers. Regular features include topless models and “Star Babes”, gossip articles and TV news column “Hot TV”. The newspaper paid damages and issued front-page apologies to the McCann family for libellous coverage of their daughter’s disappearance.
Daily newspaper in the UK, first published as a broadsheet in 1900. Acquired by Richard Desmond in 2000. Hugh Whittow was appointed editor in 2011. He told the Inquiry that “ethics play a big role in the Daily Express” and all journalists adhered to the Editors Code of Practice. He admitted to some misleading statistics about the EU and a fabricated story about the banning of salt.
Founded 1855. National daily broadsheet newspaper published in London by Telegraph Media Group and distributed across the United Kingdom and internationally. The paper has a conservative political stance and has had notable news scoops such as the 2009 MP expenses scandal and its 2016 undercover investigation into the then England football manager Sam Allardyce.
Founded 1827. London-based free newspaper, published Monday to Friday. Owned by Russian businessmen Alexander Lebedev and his son Evgeny and edited from May 2017 by former Chancellor of the Exchequer, George Osborne. It is the dominant regional evening paper for London, covering national and international news and City of London finance. Evgeny Lebedev gave evidence to the Inquiry on his perception of the importance of a free press.
First published 1874. British local newspaper for Suffolk and Essex, based in Ipswich. Terry Hunt, editor at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence of the generally cordial relations with local police forces.
Founded 1888. English-language international daily newspaper with an emphasis on business and economic news. Editor Lionel Barber, contributing editor John Lloyd and FT solicitor Timothy Bratton all gave evidence to the Inquiry.
Broadsheet newspaper founded in 1783. The Herald claims to be the longest-running national newspaper in the world, and is the eighth oldest daily paper in the world. The title was simplified from The Glasgow Herald in 1992. Edited at the time of the Inquiry by Jonathan Russell, who gave evidence on the relationship between press and police in Strathclyde and the importance of professional press officers aiding the police.
The Manchester Evening News is a regional daily newspaper covering Greater Manchester; following its sale by Guardian Media Group in early 2010, it became owned by Trinity Mirror plc. Editor Maria McGeoghan gave evidence that the paper worked to the Trinity Mirror Code of Business Conduct. She gave examples of how that worked in practice and cited examples where the paper had held off publishing information on grounds of privacy.
Tabloid newspaper published in UK and Republic of Ireland since 1964. Published by the News Group Newspapers division of News UK, itself a wholly owned subsidiary of Rupert Murdoch's News Corp. The Sun on Sunday was launched in February 2012, following the closure of the News of the World, and the paper became a seven-day operation. Rebekah Brooks, John Edwards, Duncan Larcombe, Kelvin MacKenzie and Gordon Smart all gave evidence relating to The Sun.
At the time of the Inquiry, The Star Ipswich was a daily evening local newspaper based in Suffolk and edited by Nigel Pickover, who gave evidence on its behalf. He told the Inquiry that Lord Black's proposals would have little impact on the current culture and practices of his paper and that owners Archant would have no difficulty in complying with a scheme of self-regulation.
Daily national newspaper based in London. First issued 1785 under the masthead The Daily Universal Register, adopting its current name on 1 January 1788. The Times and its sister paper, the Sunday Times (founded in 1821), are published by Times Newspapers, a subsidiary of News UK, wholly owned by News Corp. The Times and Sunday Times do not share editorial staff, were founded independently, and have only had common ownership since 1967. James Harding, editor at the time of the Inquiry, and Philip Webster, editor of The Times website and former political editor, gave evidence. Rupert Pennant-Rae gave evidence on behalf of the INDS, The Times's six Independent Directors.
Daily broadsheet newspaper, published in Leeds, West Yorkshire, by Johnston Press, covering the whole of Yorkshire as well as parts of north Derbyshire and Lincolnshire and regarding itself as a national broadsheet, rather than a local news carrier. The Yorkshire Post masthead slogan at the time of Inquiry was "Yorkshire's National Newspaper". Peter Charlton, Editorial Director, gave evidence and told the Inquiry that he and Johnston Press remained committed to the concept of ethical self-regulation and that to his knowledge the regional press generally had never engaged in the type of behaviour alleged at the Leveson Inquiry.