Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Founded 2009. Non-profit British civil liberties and privacy campaigning organisation. Set up to campaign against state surveillance and threats to civil liberties, it campaigns on issues including: the rise of the surveillance state, police use of technology, freedom and privacy online, use of intrusive communications interception powers including the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, and wider data-protection issues. Gave evidence to Inquiry that it believed Data Protection Act was weak and that Information Commissioners Office had no “real enforcement powers”. Claimed its research in 2012 highlighted more than 900 police officers and police staff misusing personal data.
Founded 2010. Non-profit news organisation based in London. It was established to pursue "public interest" investigations, funded through philanthropy. The Bureau works with publishers and broadcasters to maximise the impact of its investigations. Offered Inquiry evidence on the importance of high standards in investigative journalism.
British non-profit organisation providing training to journalists, researchers, producers and students in the practice and methodology of investigative journalism. Asked the Inquiry to advise on ways of helping good journalism, and recommended instituting a public interest defence and not imposing "prior notification" rules.
Founded 1884. Professional association for journalists and is the senior such body in the UK, and the oldest in the world. It was founded as the National Association of Journalists, to promote and advance the common interests of the profession of journalism.
International non-governmental organisation based in Germany with a non-profit purpose to combat global corruption and prevent criminal activities arising from corruption. It submitted views on areas in which sections of the UK media may have acted corruptly, and areas in which there was no evidence of corruption by the UK media but where the environment may have been conducive to corruption.
Founded 1948. ACPO was a not-for-profit private limited company that for many years led the development of policing practices in the UK. It was funded by Home Office grants, profits from commercial activities and contributions from the 44 police authorities in England, Wales, and Northern Ireland and was replaced by the National Police Chiefs' Council in 2015 following a review of the Police Act 1996.
Founded in 1885. Private, Catholic, liberal arts, and archdiocesan university located in St. Paul and Minneapolis, Minnesota, named after Thomas Aquinas, the medieval Catholic theologian and philosopher who is the patron saint of students. St. Thomas currently enrolls more than 10,000 students, making it Minnesota's largest private, non-profit university.