Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Australian computer programmer and director, founder and editor-in-chief of WikiLeaks, an organisation he formed in 2006, dedicated to leaking hitherto secret information. Assange gave evidence of his dealings with the Press Complaints Commission and his complaints about the many false statements and libels of him in the press.
Originally founded in 1905. National newspaper and website publisher, now known as DMG Media. Owners of titles such as the Daily Mail, MailOnline, the Mail on Sunday, Metro, Wowcher and Teletext Holidays, with an estimated annual revenue of £931m.
Award-winning UK-based website aiming to provide clear, data-driven presentation of climate change by publishing content from a range of sources, as well as regular newsletters summarising newspaper and online coverage. Made three complaints to PCC about inaccurate Daily Mail reporting on the “green” elements of energy bills.
British lawyer and member of Doughty Street Chambers in London, practising criminal law since 1986 and appointed Queen's Counsel in 2010. Writes a blog, Nothing Like the Sun, subtitled "an occasional blog on legal and other matters that interest me", and gave evidence on the ethics of blogging.
Editor of RebeccaTelevision.com, an investigative website based in Wales, which aimed to combine television programmes with journalism. Approached the Leveson Inquiry because he believed the News of the World reporter Mazher Mahmood had exaggerated the number of prosecutions arising from his exposures in his book Confessions of a Fake Sheikh.
Managing Editor at the Financial Times at the time of giving evidence. Provided a voluntary statement on the editorial code of practice and the FT's investment register. Reported that the FT had decided in 2010 to remind all staff of their obligations under the paper's code of practice with specific reference to the Investment Register.
Formerly known as UK Press Gazette, Press Gazette was first issued in 1965. A trade magazine dedicated to journalism and the press, it had a circulation of about 2,500, before becoming online-only in 2010. Dominic Ponsford, editor at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence from journalists' tweets on "Why I am proud to be a journalist".
Independent investigative website launched in 2010 combining television programmes with journalism. Took its name from the Rebecca Riots, which took place in South and Mid Wales in the 19th century, and edited by Paddy French, who approached the Leveson Inquiry because he believed the News of the World reporter Mazher Mahmood had exaggerated the number of prosecutions arising from his exposures in his book Confessions of a Fake Sheikh.
Founded 1910. The Carlisle News and Star is a local tabloid newspaper and website covering news and events in Cumbria. Anne Pickles, the editor at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence about police-press relations.
As well as individual evidence, Alan Rusbridger, editor at the time of the Inquiry, and other Guardian staff gave submissions on plurality of the press. A Core Participant in the Inquiry, GNM was in addition asked by the Inquiry to identify five recently published investigations which it considered to be particularly illustrative both of the value of public-interest journalism and the difficulties it can face. GNM told the Inquiry that any new system of press regulation had to consider the impact of ownership and plurality, arguing that regulation which allowed the continuing concentration of ownership in the hands of billionaire proprietors would impoverish society.
Liberal American opinion news and website and blog, with international editions. Carla Buzasi, editor-in-chief of Huffington Post UK at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence concerning her personal involvement in drawing up proposals for a new system of self-regulation based on contractual obligation.
First issued in 1986. From 2010 owned by Alexander Lebedev and from 2016 ceased print editions and became online only. Nicknamed the Indy, it began life as a broadsheet, but changed to tabloid format in 2003. The last printed edition of The Independent was published Saturday 26 March 2016, leaving only its digital editions. Manish Malhotra, employed by parent company IPL, gave evidence in his capacity as Finance Director, telling the Inquiry of anti-bribery measures at the papers. Chris Blackhurst, editor at the time of giving evidence, told the Inquiry that he and The Independent were broadly in support of the Lord Black proposals but had some areas of concern. See also Andrew Grice, Andrew Mullins and Paul Peachey, who all gave evidence, and Independent on Sunday.
Blog written by David Allen Green, providing a liberal and critical perspective on legal and policy matters. Allen Green gave views to the Inquiry on regulation and self-regulation.
Weekly UK-based celebrity and pop music newsletter and associated website dating from early 2000s. Much of the material for the newsletter comes from the Popbitch message boards frequented by music industry insiders, gossips and the casually interested. Owned and run by journalists Neil Stevenson and Camilla Wright, the publication was sued by the actor Max Beesley in March 2008 over an allegation about his personal life.