Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Born 1957. Journalist and author and former press secretary to Tony Blair as Leader of the Opposition (1994-97) and as Prime minister (1997-2000). From 2000-2003, he was director of communications for the Labour Party (2000-03). Before 1994, he had been political editor of Today newspaper and the Daily Mirror. Campbell gave detailed testimony on the political media and what he saw as the decline of genuine investigative journalism and the increasing tendency of owners, editors and senior journalists to wish to be political players. Embellishment and pure invention were tolerated and encouraged by some editors and owners, he said.
Keller was employed as a legal director at Google at the time of the Inquiry. She gave evidence on search engines and Google policy on removing content. Keller has taught Internet Law at Stanford, Berkeley and Duke law schools.
British Liberal Democrat politician and solicitor. Member of Parliament for North Norfolk since 2001 and chair of the Science and Technology Select Committee since 2017. Gave evidence that he had met News Corporation executive Fred Michel on two occasions and that the proposed takeover of BskyB had been raised. Lamb told the Inquiry that Michel suggested it would be a "pity" if the "fair" coverage given by News Corporation papers to the Lib Dems could not be continued. Lamb reported the conversation to the party leader.
Founded 2009. Non-profit British civil liberties and privacy campaigning organisation. Set up to campaign against state surveillance and threats to civil liberties, it campaigns on issues including: the rise of the surveillance state, police use of technology, freedom and privacy online, use of intrusive communications interception powers including the Regulation of Investigatory Powers Act, and wider data-protection issues. Gave evidence to Inquiry that it believed Data Protection Act was weak and that Information Commissioners Office had no “real enforcement powers”. Claimed its research in 2012 highlighted more than 900 police officers and police staff misusing personal data.
Formerly known as UK Press Gazette, Press Gazette was first issued in 1965. A trade magazine dedicated to journalism and the press, it had a circulation of about 2,500, before becoming online-only in 2010. Dominic Ponsford, editor at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence from journalists' tweets on "Why I am proud to be a journalist".
Fiona Fox gave evidence on behalf of the Science Media Centre, an organisation formed in 2000 after the House of Lords Select Committee on Science and Technology's third report on "Science and Society" was published. The SMC offered examples of extremely bad science reporting (for example, the reporting of the birth of the first clone and the supposed "dangers" of MMR vaccines), and also for the need for promotion of more expert information when science becomes headline news. The SMC offered recommendations to the Leveson Inquiry including drawing up guidelines which could be adopted by the Press Complaints Commission.
Founded 1998. American multinational technology company that specialises in internet-related services and products, including online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware. John Collins, vice-president of global communications for Europe, the Middle East and Africa, told the Inquiry self-regulation was important, but could be aided by a legal backstop. Google's legal director Daphne Keller also gave evidence and was asked about Max Mosley's privacy case against News of the World. She said he had done the right thing in approaching individual websites to have invasive material removed. Google had removed hundreds of links from search results but that didn't make such material "disappear".
Liberal American opinion news and website and blog, with international editions. Carla Buzasi, editor-in-chief of Huffington Post UK at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence concerning her personal involvement in drawing up proposals for a new system of self-regulation based on contractual obligation.
Microsoft Corporation is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington. It develops, manufactures, licenses, supports and sells computer software, consumer electronics, personal computers, and services. A technical question concerning browsers was asked of the company to which Ronald Zink of Microsoft replied.
Formed in 2007, the National Policing Improvement Agency was a non-departmental public body in the UK, established to support the police by providing expertise in such areas as information technology, information sharing and recruitment. Karl Wissgott, Head of National Police Computer Services, gave evidence. The agency was dissolved in 2013.