Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Editor in Chief of Heat magazine and the Heat brand, spanning Heat radio, heatworld.com and Heat TV. Outlined procedures at the magazine for ensuring that high ethical standards were maintained.
Editor of News of the World from 1995 to 2000. Gave evidence that as editor he would constantly check whether a particular story was in the public interest and that the paper was adhering to PCC Code of Conduct principles. Hall told the Inquiry that the paper would not, for example, run stories about minors or report a medical issue without the consent of the subject. There had been no phone hacking during his time as editor, he said. In February 2003, he became Director of Editorial Development at Trinity Mirror, leaving two years later to found PR company PHA Media.
At time of giving evidence, Hatfield was Editor of "i", the newspaper's first editor. Described the origin of "i" as a shorter version of the daily Independent intended for people who wanted a quicker, digested read. As a policy, the paper had little interest in celebrity stories or stories of a private nature, Hatfield said. The news values and legal checks were the same as for The Independent. All "i" journalists were contractually obliged to work to the letter and spirit of the Press Complaints Commission's Editorial Code of Practice (PCC Code), he said.
At the time of the Inquiry, Hughes was Crime Correspondent at The Telegraph. Previously, Crime Correspondent at The Independent. Was asked about his relations with Metropolitan Police and described regular meetings with senior police via membership of the Crime Reporters Association.
Non-profit organisation, website and magazine, founded by Michael Scammell, which tackles issues of censorship and reduced rights to free speech. Publishes works from censored writers around the world and tweeted on the Inquiry throughout. Index said it thought regulation a slippery slope but would welcome better self-regulation.
Formerly known as UK Press Gazette, Press Gazette was first issued in 1965. A trade magazine dedicated to journalism and the press, it had a circulation of about 2,500, before becoming online-only in 2010. Dominic Ponsford, editor at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence from journalists' tweets on "Why I am proud to be a journalist".
Freelance Writer and former sub-editor of the Daily Star, until 2016. Taylor-Whiffen has written for an extensive client list including national broadsheet and tabloid newspapers, magazines, major broadcasters, FTSE 100 organisations, the world's leading universities and Britain's primary charities.
Heat is an entertainment magazine published by Bauer Media Group. Lucie Cave, editor at the time of the Inquiry, gave evidence concerning public-benefit issues that could arise from its mix of celebrity news, gossip, beauty advice and fashion. Lord Leveson joked that Heat was not his normal journal.
Co-editor of Hello! Magazine at the time, Rosie Nixon, gave evidence along with Heat and OK! Magazines, all specialising in celebrity news and human-interest stories. Nixon said that the private lives of people were not "open season" and that she would not publish information about a celebrity if they told her it was untrue.
First issued in 1993, OK! is a British weekly magazine specialising mainly in royal and celebrity news, with showbiz exclusives and a particular emphasis on covering celebrity nuptials. Editor Lisa Byrne was asked by the Inquiry whether a particular cover about Kate Middleton had been misleading.
First issued 1961. Fortnightly satirical and current affairs news magazine, published in London and edited by Ian Hislop since 1986. Hislop told the Inquiry that Private Eye was against regulation. It gave two pages a week to criticising national newspaper journalists and Hislop declared that he would therefore not expect a fair hearing from a press complaints body. The activities in focus at the Inquiry, such as phone hacking and police taking money, were already illegal, he said, adding that what was required was the enforcement of existing laws.
Trinity Mirror was one of Britain's biggest newspaper groups at the time of the Inquiry, publishing 240 regional papers as well as the national Daily Mirror, Sunday Mirror and People, and the Scottish Sunday Mail and Daily Record, all of which gave evidence to the Inquiry. Chief Executive at the time was Sly Bailey, who had been appointed in 2003, and who gave extensive evidence on hacking and the ethical practices and procedures in place. In 2012, following substantial drops in circulation and profits, Trinity Mirror asked her to resign. The use of private investigators was banned after the convictions of Clive Goodman and Glenn Mulcaire, Bailey told the Inquiry.