Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Telecommunications and internet technology-policy expert. Gave evidence to the Inquiry as Head of Global Public Policy at Twitter.
Media analyst and founder of Enders Analysis, providing independent research on the media, entertainment, mobile and fixed telecommunications industries in Europe. Invited by Lord Leveson to comment on media plurality.
Independent adviser on regulatory policy and strategic issues in the communications sector, and a founder member of the UK-based media consulting group Communications Chambers. Submitted a report, "News Plurality in a Digital World", which examined the risks of concentration of ownership and looked at plurality of ownership in western democracies.
Detective Chief Superintendent and Head of Crime Services in Jersey at time of giving evidence. Had been in charge of the Ipswich 2006 serial murders investigation, including directing media strategy. Told the Inquiry that he had had to repeat warnings to the press about responsible reporting. At one point during the police investigation, press reports provoked a legal pre-trial challenge from the defence team who claimed that the reports could prevent the defendant securing a fair trial.
Chief Financial Officer of NI Group Limited, parent company of Times Newspapers Holdings Ltd (TNHL), at the time of giving evidence. NI was also the parent company of News Group Newspapers which owned The Sun and, before its closure in July 2011, News of the World. Panuccio was asked what systems were in place to ensure that newspaper funds were not used to pay bribes or fund illegal news-gathering. Outlining new systems, she noted that cash payments had dropped substantially in the wake of the phone-hacking scandal.
Chief Executive of the Advertising Standards Authority, UK regulator of ads in all media at the time of the Inquiry, and responsible for executing the ASA's strategy to make ads responsible, including through the development of regulatory policy. Outlined for the Inquiry how investigation of complaints, enforcement activity and the system's communications, marketing, public affairs and research activities worked in practice.
Chief Financial Officer at Telegraph Media Group since 2008, responsible for strategy and business transformational change. Formerly Finance Director of the National Division of Trinity Media Group for 17 years. Gave evidence on Group financial practices, for example, on expenses, foreign travel and policies in place to prevent cash payments to sources.
British policeman. Goulding joined Cumbria Constabulary in 1983 and rose through the ranks to become Chief Superintendent and later Head of Crime within the Cumbrian police force. Gave evidence to the Inquiry and answered questions on cooperation between press and police.
Chief Financial Officer and Chief Operating Officer of Financial Times Group Ltd at the time of giving evidence. Explained the FT's expenses procedures and the Anti-Bribery and Corruption policies in place at the Group. Said that, to the best of his knowledge, measures for preventing illegal information-gathering were strictly adhered to and that the FT did not make payments for stories to any sources, including private investigators, the police or public officials.
The Irish Traveller Movement in Britain (ITMB) is a leading charity working to raise the capacity and social inclusion of the Traveller communities in Britain. Submitted evidence on negative stereotyping of Travellers in the press. In written evidence, ITMB gave examples of the press linking Gypsy and Traveller ethnicity to crime and anti-social behaviour.
Managing Editor at the Financial Times at the time of giving evidence. Provided a voluntary statement on the editorial code of practice and the FT's investment register. Reported that the FT had decided in 2010 to remind all staff of their obligations under the paper's code of practice with specific reference to the Investment Register.
Twitter UK is the wholly owned subsidiary of Twitter International Company, an affiliate company of Twitter, Inc. Twitter UK provides marketing and sales support services to Twitter International in connection with sales of advertising to customers in the UK. In a voluntary statement, it made clear that Twitter UK had no control over the Twitter service. At the time of giving evidence, Twitter had not blocked content to users in the UK which people in other countries could see. Twitter would consider whether such an action was necessary on a case-by-case basis.