Submitted in response to written requests from the Inquiry, usually providing lists of questions to be answered. In most cases these formed the basis of questioning in public sessions, but in some cases they were read into the record (or taken as read) and the witness did not appear in person.
Given by witnesses invited by the Inquiry, normally after they have made written statements. These sessions could be viewed live online and sometimes on television news services, and the video recordings are part of the archive. The statements were usually released to the public after the public sessions.
Born 1961, died 2014. British trade-union leader who served as General Secretary of the National Union of Rail, Maritime and Transport Workers (RMT) from 2002 until his death. Member of the General Council of the Trades Union Congress (TUC) and self-described "communist/socialist". Crow gave evidence that he was under constant surveillance by the press, suffering considerable intrusion into his public and private life. He gave the Inquiry examples of intrusion which he believed relied on illicit surveillance and/or phone hacking.
The national trade-union body representing around 50 affiliated trade unions in England and Wales, with a total of about 5.6 million members. Submitted evidence to the Inquiry on a variety of issues including its belief that the question of ownership of the press was crucial to the democratic process and that new rules were needed limiting the powers of individual owners. Argued that any system of regulation had to be consistent with the need to preserve the freedom of the press.
Founded 1998, now the sixth largest trade union in the United Kingdom. Most PCS members work in UK government departments and other public bodies, although some work for private companies. Andrew Thomas, PCS full-time officer with responsibility for the police, gave evidence on the guidance offered to members about interacting with the media.
UK trade union formed in 2001, representing engineers, managers, scientists and members in the Metropolitan Police Service (MPS). Mike Sparham, full-time officer representing Metropolitan Police Service members at that time, told the Inquiry that Prospect did not have a view on the ACPO guidelines relating to media matters. Most members had no direct contact with the media so would be unaware of the guidelines, he said.
The UK's second largest trade union with almost 1.3 million members including some police (but not the Metropolitan Police) and police staff. Ben Priestley, National Officer, gave evidence on Unison's behalf and presented its views on the importance of press officers.
The National Union of Journalists (NUJ) is a trade union for journalists in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. Founded in 1907, the NUJ is one of the biggest journalists' unions in the world. It is a member of the International Federation of Journalists (IFJ).